History of Coffee in the World

History of Coffee in the World

Coffee is a plant that originated on the African continent, in the high regions of Ethiopia (Cafa and Enaria), where it occurs spontaneously as an understory plant. The Cafa region may be responsible for the name coffee. According to one of the “legends” of the discovery of the coffee tree, an Ethiopian shepherd was the one who noticed that some of his goats changed their behavior after using leaves of the coffee plant in their feed, influencing the behavior of monks who observed him.

From Ethiopia he was taken to Arabia. The Arabs tried to keep the privilege, because they were the first ones to cultivate this “miraculous” plant that assumed great social importance due to its use in the medicine of the time for the cure of several diseases. From Arabia, coffee was first taken to Egypt in the 16th century and soon after to Turkey. In Europe, in the 17th century, it was introduced to Italy and England. Coffee was consumed by various social classes, including intellectuals. Soon after, it started to be consumed in several other European countries, reaching France, Germany, Switzerland, Denmark, and Holland.

Following its expansion around the world, coffee reached the Americas and the United States, currently the world’s largest coffee consumer and importer. It was the Dutch who spread coffee around the world. Initially, they transformed their colonies in the East Indies into large coffee plantations and, together with the French and the Portuguese, transported coffee to America.

Coffee in Brazil

In Dutch Guiana (now Suriname), seedlings were introduced from the Amsterdam Botanical Garden. It arrived in French Guiana through the Governor of Cayenne who got, from a Frenchman named Morgues, some seeds and sowed them in the orchard of his residence. From this planting, Sergeant Francisco de Mello Palheta transported to Brazil, to the city of Belém (Pará) in 1727, some seeds and still small plants. In Belém, the culture was not very widespread. In the following years it was taken to Maranhão, arriving in Bahia in 1770. In 1774 the judge João Alberto Castelo Branco brought some seeds from Maranhão to Rio de Janeiro. Then it spread through the Serra do Mar, reaching the Paraíba Valley around 1820. From São Paulo, it went to Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo and Paraná.

In Brazil, the development of culture is intertwined with the history of the country itself, due to its great economic and social importance (the “Coffee Cycle”).

Shopping cart

Sign in

No account yet?

0 Wishlist
0 items Cart
My account
copy coupon
copy coupon